In the first post of this series, we described what we mean by “Community Aquaponics”. Then, we identified the first of three themes from the Community Aquaponics breakout discussion groups: Community Involvement. In this post, we look at the second theme identified by the Community breakout discussion groups:
By Tawnya Sawyer
There are so many creative locations that have already proven successful for community aquaponics. Some of those include: roof tops, community gardens and community centers, schools, universities and early childhood education centers, orphanages, food banks, homeless shelters, places of worship, detention centers, housing developments, villages and many more. Some of these locations enjoy the fresh food options and can use the aquaponic system as a means for education, nutrition, self-reliance, job skill training and food production. Planning the proper location is a critical first step (prior to construction), to ensure that the system can be operated in the selected location long term. Some considerations for success include:
–Ensure that the greenhouse, community garden or aquaponic system is allowed to be operated within the city, county or zoning where it is being planned;
–Make sure that the location has adequate sunlight (southern facing), access to water, electricity, as well as necessary temperature and humidity controls (heating in winter if cold climate, and cooling in summer);
–Develop a partnership or leasehold agreement if the system will be installed in someone else’s building or property; and
–Consider any additional insurance, taxes, utilities and other expenses might be incurred where the system will be located.
Stay tuned to hear the last theme our discussion groups identified.
Tawnya Sawyer is the Director of Colorado Aquaponics and a Board Member of the Aquaponics Association
Community Aquaponics Discussions, Theme #1: Community Involvement
In the first post of this series, we described what we mean by “Community Aquaponics”. In this post, we talk about the first of three themes identified by the Community breakout discussion groups at our 2018 Hartford conference.
By Tawnya Sawyer
Getting the community involved in building and operating a garden and aquaponic system can be a challenge. Since aquaponics requires continuous involvement to monitor the equipment, feed the fish and maintain the plants, it is critical to have a key person take the lead on these management activities. Often people that are excited to get started, may have a difficult time committing long term. Community volunteers can assist in maintaining the system, but without a strong lead, the system will be neglected. Some of the tactics discussed that have been implemented with success at various community aquaponic projects include:
Planning for and hiring a project lead or champion to manage the construction of the system. That same person(s) may also then be involved in daily operations once the system is up and running. There are examples of both paid and unpaid positions, ut the key is to ensure that some takes that ownership and responsibility. It is also necessary that they have the time and energy to commit to the necessary tasks.
Having a schedule, training and management of volunteers was necessary to ensure that everyone was participating, following food safety guidelines and working effectively together. Volunteer and intern activities were commonly coordinated by the farm manager person.
Having a means to get food or training to the community being served is necessary to meet people where they are. This has meant providing cooking classes, free samples, recipes, alternate forms of payment, different ways to pickup or deliver the food products, building trust and connections, and helping people value the quality of the food. Working with a community who has previously not had access to nutritious food is a learning curve and takes times to implement.
Tawnya Sawyer is the Director of Colorado Aquaponics and a Board Member of the Aquaponics Association
The Hartford, CT Aquaponic Association conference included a Community aquaponics track for people to share their projects, stories and ideas on how aquaponics can create a positive outcome for communities, and also challenges that must be addressed to move forward. Having coordinated, presented, and attended the Community conference tracks since 2011, I continue to be impressed and inspired with the quality of the information.
Community aquaponics is all about getting highly nutritious food directly to the consumer without the hundreds to thousands of “food miles” or distance from farm to the table. Obviously this has become a popular concept in urban gardening and farming. But aquaponics can do this even better since an aquaponic system can be setup in a parking lot, repurposed in an old building, shed, barn, garage or greenhouse.
Community aquaponics is generally considered growing food for the purpose of serving a specific location or group of people. This may be for profit or non-profit oriented. Community aquaponics often has an open-door policy, meaning they encourage participation from volunteers, interns, schools, and the general public. They may have access to different funding methods that wouldn’t normally be available to someone building aquaponics for themselves or as a business. Some community aquaponics visions have been very altruistic, seeking to help others by all means, but those that have been successful have recognized the importance of operating like a business and ensuring they can be financially viable.
In the next three segments, we’ll discuss in more detail the top three themes that conference participants identified in community aquaponics: community involvement, location considerations, and financial challenges.
Tawnya Sawyer is the Director of Colorado Aquaponics and a Board Member of the Aquaponics Association
New Report Sets Targets for Global Sustainable Food Production
A new report from the EAT-Lancet Commission for Food, Planet, and Health offers scientific targets for global sustainable food production. The report also conveys an urgent need to change the way we produce our food.
The EAT-Lancet Commission sets quantifiable targets for change, like reducing food system carbon dioxide emissions 2020. Researchers believe these parameters will return the food system to within sustainable planetary limits.
Reports such as the EAT-Lancet Commission for Food, Planet, and Health demonstrate the need for more efficient food production methods like aquaponics. Aquaponic growers around the world have proven we can grow fresh produce and healthy fish from barren deserts to urban rooftops. Aquaponics uses over 90% less water than traditional soil culture, does not emit toxic agricultural runoff, and does not require synthetic pesticides, antibiotics, or fertilizers.
Please see similar resources that call for a change in our food production system:
The report states: “over the next few decades, overall, yields from major U.S. crops are expected to decline as a consequence of increases in temperatures and possibly changes in water availability, soil erosion, and disease and pest outbreaks”; furthermore: “[c]limate change is also expected to lead to large-scale shifts in the availability and prices of many agricultural products across the world, with corresponding impacts on U.S. agricultural producers and the U.S. economy.”
So how can aquaponics help?
Aquaponics is a method of growing fish and plants in efficient, recirculating systems. Aquaponics does not require soil, and is practiced across the nation from cities to deserts. The ability to grow food anywhere allows all regions of the U.S. to create their own food supply without relying on long-distance, carbon-intensive food transport.
Aquaponics requires over 90% less water than traditional soil growth, making production far less susceptible to water shortages.
Aquaponics does not require synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, or antibiotics.
Also, aquaponic systems not only produce fruits and vegetables, but also edible fish — an extremely efficient source of healthy protein that can be grown in any environment.
Unfortunately, the U.S. economy is not set up to incentivise efficient food production methods like aquaponics, hydroponics, and vertical agriculture. A free market economy is based on producers incorporating all costs of production into the prices for goods. But certain costs of agriculture are not realized at the time of production and are passed to other parties or future generations, creating artificially low prices for inefficient goods.
Modern large-scale agriculture uses excessive amounts of water, carbon, pesticides, antibiotics and fertilizers. These elements create enormous costs passed to others such as climate change adaptation, healthcare costs, food waste, antibiotic resistance, and toxic nutrient runoff.
Conversely, aquaponic systems can grow much more efficiently, but without a means to monetize this efficiency.
The U.S. Government Climate Report highlights the need to change the current system: “[n]umerous adaptation strategies are available to cope with adverse impacts of climate variability and change on agricultural production. These include altering what is produced, modifying the inputs used for production, adopting new technologies, and adjusting management strategies.”
It will take a large-scale, concerted nationwide effort to change the way we incentivize food production. Until that point, our economic system will steer consumers towards produce that adds to the problem of climate change, and is less able to adapt to climate change.
Arvind Venkat is Waterfarmers Canada’s Scientific Director overseeing the company’s technology, product and execution platform. He has been a noteworthy leader in the commercial Aquaponic space. Under his vision Waterfarmers have developed over half million square feet of commercial farming and continue to expand their reach. He has spent the last 5 years creating resilient design and operating procedures for large commercial farms for different climate and market environments. His contributions to nutrient stewardship, environmentally responsible design and farmer profitability modelling have been recognized as viable business formulas by investors and policy makers alike. Arvind works very closely with Murray Hallam of Practical Aquaponics and their newest project in the works is a walkthrough guide platform for new farmers for the first 6 months of operations.
An Engineering and Management graduate from Kettering University, Michigan, Arvind started his career as an engineer at Bosch USA and quickly worked his way up to the Executive offices at National Aluminum at the age of 22. Arvind holds to his credit an MBA from MIT and 4 years of post graduate research at University of Toronto in the field of Renewable Energy. Outside the office, Arvind is a percussionist actively performing at top classical art venues around the world.
“The Michael Unit” started with a bathtub and solo cups and through trial and error has developed low-cost commercial aquaponic systems from used and recycled parts. From the development of this system the Michael Unit Field Force went on to win State Grand Champion in the “Herb Behind Bars” competition as well as developed community outreach programs that has helped over 800 families in need and wish to share the experiences and knowledge they have gained through developing an aquaponics program in a correctional environment.
The long term goal is to grow many salads every week within the walls of prisons across the US with aquaponics. Just another example of how aquaponics is transforming our food economy!
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The Ripple Effect: How Aquaponic Conferences Grow Community and Remove Barriers
By Kate Wildrick
My name is Kate Wildrick, Co-Founder / Paradigm Shifter ofIngenuity Innovation Center. For those of you who were able to attend the 2017 Putting Down Roots Conference in Portland, Oregon, I served as one of the conference co-chairs. Since then, I have had an active role as a strategic advisor to the Aquaponics Association. My intention in writing this article is to share my personal, first hand experience of how attending an aquaponic conference can really serve as a powerful catalyst for building community, knowledge and resources. This is my story.
My business focuses on creating sustainable solutions and sharing them using an open-source platform. Aquaponics is one of the many things that we do. In 2012, my husband and I struggled our way through a mountain of (dis)information on the internet to find the best way to build an aquaponics system. After moving onto 20 acres of land in St. Helens, Oregon on a lease to buy option (this is important later in my story), we set up a 1,500 square foot greenhouse and began constructing our system based off of Murray Hallam’s CHOP2 (Constant Height, One Pump) System. At the time, I was working at a food manufacturing facility. With access to lots of food grade containers (also known as Intermittent Bulk Containers or IBC’s), we created a system working with resources we could repurpose and “upcycle.” This also included building with a lot of reclaimed wood.
As we built our system row by row, our friends told others. Before we knew it, we were hosting regular tours and helping people get introduced into how aquaponics works. We made every mistake in the book and shared what we learned to help others save money, time and frustration. Many encouraged us to go into designing and building systems and growing commercially, but my husband and I knew that we lacked the knowledge. Nonetheless, we kept at it. We made new mistakes, met new people and kept expanding.
In 2014, we learned that Murray Hallam would be speaking at the Aquaponics Association’s Conference in San Jose, CA. Too broke to attend, another colleague suggested we reach out to him and invite him to speak at our center. He made an introduction, and before I knew it, I was talking to Murray on Skype. He accepted our invitation. With less than 30 days to promote the event, we somehow managed to pull it off. We sold every last seat!
Given the huge success, Murray decided that he wanted to return each year (which he did) to do his four day master class at our center. The wealth of knowledge and connections made at these events were simply phenomenal. We learned even more about system design, commercial production, pest management and nutrient deficiencies. Not only were we able to learn from Murray, but we connected with others who had small and large farms all over the world. We were able to discover the challenges and opportunities they were personally facing. It was comforting to know that we were not alone in pioneering this emerging green industry.
In 2016, I attended the Austin, TX Aquaponics Association’s Conference as a speaker. I had submitted a proposal to share what we had learned first hand about leveraging aquaponics as a community builder. This was the first conference where I was able to meet many of my national colleagues. It was so exciting to meet each of these people who we had been following on YouTube and social media. I returned home with many new connections and a bigger perspective on what was happening on the national and global fronts with the industry. Best of all, I was starting to connect the dots on how to position what we were doing to meet the growing demand of people needing access to living examples of various aquaponic designs and business and community models.
In summer 2017, Brian Filipowich (now current Chairman of the Aquaponics Association), reached out to me to get my thoughts on hosting the Association’s annual conference in Portland. We had met at the Austin conference, and we shared a lot of passion for cultivating the aquaponics community. I thought it would be a wonderful opportunity to bring some of the cutting edge leaders and pioneers to the Pacific Northwest, as I knew many in my network would benefit and see how this is a real industry and it is not a fad. Knowing I had to step up my whole event planning game to the next level, Brian and I set off to find a venue and get promoting.
This event was a huge blessing for me. At the time, my family and I had been dealing with a devastating blow to our business and life. We chose to leave the beautiful land we were on when we found out our friend and investor had no interest in honoring our initial agreements. (Serving for 5 years on our advisory group, she watched us try to secure the land. The high risk venture of “aquaponics” and a business model that had never been done before left us with few conventional options.) Having no desire to be bound by values that did not align to ours, we uprooted our whole life in 45 days and moved into a one bedroom basement at our friends’ house. Here my husband, mother-in-law, two year old son and I regrouped and wondered what new things would come our way.
The 2017 Putting Down Roots Conference became my sole focus. With a limited amount of time to put together such major event, I knew it was going to take a lot to pull this off. As the schedule came together, I began to revisit connections who had come through our center along with an Aquaponic Meetup Group we run to promote the conference. On the state level, we belonged to an aquaculture task force that was established to bring together public and private organizations to strengthen and develop the aquaculture industry in Oregon. We served as the voice for aquaponic industry. Often not taken seriously, we knew that this was our opportunity to show the State of Oregon what is possible. So, we gifted theOregon Aquaculture Association a table at the conference to hear the speakers and connect with attendees.
When the conference happened, I was so excited. Even though our business and home had been uprooted,
what was clear was that we had very strong roots in our community that aquaponics had helped us create. During the event, we were able to bring attendees on a tour of an aquaponic R&D center that we were helping build for a new business venture,Wind River Produce, in the Columbia River Gorge. As with any build, we got to learn how to make things better. Next, we went on a second tour to a food innovation center, The Redd, that serves as a business incubator and exploredLive Local Organic, an urban application of an indoor aquaponic facility. The owner, Joel Kelly, had come through our center many years ago hoping to find more information on how to do commercial aquaponics. The tours were helped tell a story of how aquaponics could bridge the urban and rural divide, which has been a major discussion in the agriculture industry on a local and national level.
We also heard the heartbreaking stories of other aquapreunuers that had faced similar challenges that we had encountered. We were not alone in dealing with the reality that there were a lack of resources to help grow this industry. It dawned on me that by telling our story, that we could give permission for others to share theirs. Together, our voices could be heard.
After the conference, we took a short break only to find that we had ignited something big. Beyond seeing an increase in our consultation services, new doors began opening up. TheOregon Food Bank wanted to collaborate and bring aquaponics to their headquarter location. Discussions around aquaponic training for veterans and people of color began, and funds were sourced to build systems. Other non-profits and for-profits sought to collaborate and see how they could get more aquaponic farms and community applications going on a local level. The conversation had shifted. Instead of “making the case” for why aquaponics could solve a lot of issues, people and organizations began were now asking what they could do to help grow the industry.
Based on this feedback, we began focusing our efforts on developing pathways that could funnel this energy in a way that would be beneficial for all. Given that we had nothing to lose and everything to gain, we decided to develop an aquaponic co-op venture that would help establish standards, best practices and workforce training to grow the industry. Working with Murray Hallam and his student Arvind Venkat fromWaterfarmers, we decided to expand the Wind River Produce model to serve as a way to grow and develop farms and farmers in the Pacific Northwest while alleviating the barriers that many have had to go through. Working off of a solid and replicable commercial farm model and training curriculum, we then could adapt these processes and designs to integrate with the local food system and culture.
One unexpected, yet incredible surprise of hosting the Putting Down Roots Conference was the response that we received from Clint Bentz, the President of the Oregon Aquaculture Association. After attending the conference, he was absolutely ecstatic as to what aquaponics could do for the State of Oregon. After meeting and relaying on what he learned to several of the task force members, the association asked me if I would be willing to help them put on an Oregon version of the aquaponics conference. Working with another co-chair and aquaponic farmer, Michael Hasey of Oregon’s largest aquaponic farm,The Farming Fish, we set out on another short deadline to showcase what was happening with aquaponics on a local level. The conference took place the weekend of June 23rd, 2018, and drew more than 70 people, including Oregon’s 1st District State Representative, David Brock Smith, who extended his support for growing the state’s aquaculture and aquaponics industries. Here, the pioneers of the Oregon aquaponic movement shared their organization’s vision, challenges and desire to meet the growing demand for high quality, organic produce.
Reflecting on this conference, I still get emotional. With the exception of a few speakers, I knew most everyone’s story, challenges, and triumphs. I was in a very unique position as the Master of Ceremonies to help ask the questions and highlight the opportunities for collaboration to shift the industry on a local level. Like my own experience at the Austin conference, many of these speakers had not ever met one another before or knew of their projects or farms. Together we told the collective story through our own stories. We shared how we had moved the mark and explained what was needed to keep going. What happened at the end of the conference then took my breath away. People who attended began offering up resources. Business planning, CPA services, land, supplies, financial assistance were just a few I can recall. I remember looking at the speakers who were still there and smiling. We had brought our local community together to help remove the barriers. We had even managed to raise another $1,000 to help the STEM students who presented at the Putting Down Roots conference fund their program in our local schools.
When you participate in an aquaponic conference, you give energy and support for those who are the front lines. Your presence demonstrates that this is a growing movement, and one that is not going away. You may never know how your interactions impact others and inspire innovation. You may not realize how your words can encourage new results. My hope is that by sharing my story you can see how the ripples can come back in very unexpected and awe inspiring ways. It is through these events that I find my inspiration to keep going.
By joining us for the 2018 Putting Up Shoots Aquaponics Association Conference, you’re becoming a part of something much bigger than aquaponics. In Hartford, CT, we’re making an impact on the city’s food ecosystem by becoming a part of the City that Feeds Itself™.
The City that Feeds Itself is the leading mission of Connecticut’s own Trifecta Ecosystems, our local conference partner. Trifecta is creating incentives for communities to grow their own food, while raising awareness about sustainable farming through education, workshops, and city projects.
With this year’s conference (our biggest yet!), we’re not only raising awareness about one of the most sustainable methods of farming, we’re also supporting local education, farmers in and around Hartford, the growth of food for local communities, and so much more. Learn more about the CFI here: https://bit.ly/2BWGjDR